Iranian Rouhani calls for US nuclear sanctions to be eased at the end of his visit to Japan

TOKYO – Iranian President Hassan Rouhani concluded his two-day visit to Japan on Saturday as Tehran, under pressure from US sanctions, sought economic support from Tokyo.

Rouhani’s trip to Japan, the first by an Iranian head of state in two decades, came after deadly protests against rising fuel prices in his country, where the economy was hit by US sanctions on Tehran’s nuclear program.

The Iranian leader on Saturday held a closed-door meeting at a Tokyo hotel with Japanese business leaders, during which he criticized the sanctions and expressed hope for strengthening long-standing ties with Japan, public broadcaster NHK said, citing Iran’s foreign ministry.

US sanctions were reimposed last year after US President Donald Trump pulled the US out of the multinational Iran nuclear deal.

In an interview with NHK on Saturday, Iranian Deputy Foreign Minister Abbas Araghchi called the sanctions “unilateral, illegal”.

Rouhani, at a summit with Prime Minister Shinzo Abe on Friday, called on Japan and other countries to help Iran’s economy.

“We welcome any plan that could increase trade, especially in the area of ​​energy and increase oil exports and sales,” he told Abe, according to the agency. Iranian official press IRNA.

Iranian President Hassan Rouhani (left) and Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe (right) attend a meeting at the Prime Minister’s office in Tokyo on December 20, 2019 (Charly Triballeau / Pool / AFP)

Prior to this summit, Rouhani condemned Washington for its “unilateral and irrational” withdrawal from the nuclear deal, saying: “I hope that Japan and other countries will make efforts to maintain this agreement.”

As a key US ally that also maintains close diplomatic and economic ties with Iran, Abe has attempted to build bridges between the two rivals.

“The two leaders have agreed to keep their communications close,” said a Japanese government official.

Abe visited Tehran in June to try to ease tensions between the United States and Iran in the Gulf.

Japan was once a major buyer of Iranian crude, but has halted its purchases to comply with US sanctions.

Iranian government spokesman Ali Rabiei downplayed the mediation aspect of Rouhani’s trip, saying the visit to Tokyo had “nothing to do with issues such as negotiations with America.”

However, he acknowledged that “our Japanese friends usually convey messages or initiatives, which we welcome … and seriously consider.”

A photo obtained by AFP from Iranian news agency ISNA on June 13, 2019, shows fire and smoke rising from an oil tanker allegedly attacked in the waters of the Gulf of Oman, near the Strait of Ormuz. (ISNA / AFP)

During his meeting with Rouhani, Abe said that “Japan will patiently continue its diplomatic efforts to ease tensions in the Middle East,” according to a Japanese government official.

Abe told Rouhani Tokyo the intention to send Japanese warships to the Gulf of Oman to protect shipping there, while calling on Tehran to take “responsibility” for securing sea lanes in the region.

“This type of policy is aimed at ensuring the safety of Japanese ships,” government spokesman Yoshihide Suga said earlier today, adding that 90 percent of Japan’s crude oil imports come from the region.

“Serious impact”

Rouhani flew to Japan from Malaysia, where he called on Muslim countries at a summit to unite to fight American “economic terrorism”.

Osamu Miyata, director of the Center for Contemporary Islamic Studies in Japan (CCISJ), told AFP that Abe would find it difficult to navigate his way between Trump and Rouhani.

Iranian and US banknotes are on display at an exchange office in downtown Tehran, Iran, April 4, 2015 (Vahid Salemi / AP)

US sanctions “have a serious impact on all aspects of Iran – the daily lives of the people, the country’s finances and the inflation of imported goods,” said Hitoshi Suzuki, Middle East researcher at the Institute of Developing Economies (IDE-JETRO). AFP.

“It would be difficult to get any tangible results from the Rouhani-Abe meeting this time around, but in the long run, Japan can warn the United States that the current sanctions are having a serious negative impact,” Suzuki added.

“This could prompt Iranian domestic politics to evolve in the opposite direction to that hoped for by the United States – for example, hawks leading Iran to resume nuclear development, or the emergence of an anti-democratic Iran.” , did he declare.

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